Design By Nature - - Irish Wildflowers    DBN Home 

Species Datapage No 8   

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Species Common Name: *Corncockle
Species Botanical Name: Agrostemma githago


An Annual that is now extinct, we re-introduced this species from British sources, you will see it only in the first year.  Corncockle is tall and fast growing but only lasts one year

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Management  None 
Tolerance of cutting: none
Cutting time: None

Edible / Medicinal: Do not consume contain poisons


Life Cycle (Form): Annual

Flower Height: 60 to 150 cm

Foliage Height: 50 - 100 cm

Flower Colour: Purple

Flowering period: August, September.

Time to Flower: 4 months

Soil Type: Most, best in sheltered places. 

pH Type: Neutral, Alkaline

Moisture: Dry, 

Aspect:  Full sun

Wildlife Value: Low


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Species Common Name: Cornflower

Species Botanical Name: Centaurea cyanus

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Another of our near extinct species.  Happily, a few last Cornflower plants were found in Co. Wicklow and on the Aran islands in1992, we collected seed from two plants and grew a few in the 1990's.  Since then we have breed up some small crops.  In Irish conditions this plant has proved difficult to breed as a crop. 
Management:  None 
Tolerance of cutting None, except end of season management
Cutting time: None

Edible / Medicinal: Very Medicinal.  Used as an eyewash

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Life Cycle (Form): Annual

Flower Height: 20 to 40 cm

Foliage Height: 10 - 20 cm

Flower Colour: Blue

Flowering period: July, August, 

Time to Flower: 4 months

Soil Type: Most, light soil.  

pH Type: Neutral, Alkaline

Moisture: Dry, 

Aspect:  Full sun.

Wildlife Value: Medium,  Attracts birds and bees


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Species Common Name: Cowslip
Species Botanical Name: Primula veris

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Description: The cowslip produces delicate yellow flowers. Its preferred habitat is open grassland either slightly alkaline or neutral. Cowslips can be planted at the front of herbaceous borders and planting should be carried out in the Autumn.

Cowslips require a generous amount of light in order to flower and are successful in open woodland like open Ash woods.  Cowslips do like deep shade.  Cowslips are found in both dry and in continuously moist conditions and in short grasslands. 

Management:  Persistence in well maintained grassland.  Keep fertility poor, will thrive on golf courses.
Tolerance of cutting Good, will re-flower if cut to keep grass short
Cutting time: None

Edible / Medicinal: Very Medicinal.  

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Photograph:  Cowslips seen growing before regularly cut grass gets to long.

Best planted into existing lawn as plants.

Cowslips like moist soil conditions best

Life Cycle (Form): Long-lived perennial

Flower Height: Flowers to 25cm

Foliage Height: Leaves to 5cm

Flower Colour: Yellow

Flowering period: April-May-June

Time to Flower: 2 years

Soil Type: Most, best in warm aspect.

pH Type:  Neutral, Alkaline

Moisture: Dry, Moist, occasionally Wet.

Aspect:  Shade to full sun.

Wildlife Value: High. Attracts butterflies and bees

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