Species Datapage No 11
You may click on most photographs to enlarge. *Denotes a Naturalised species
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|Species Common Name: Fleabane
|Species Botanical Name: Pulicaria dysenterica
Fleabane is a little known wildflower, getting scarcer by the year as wetland and moist soils are drained, nearly gone east of the Shannon, this flower is on of the very best late summer bloomers, a must for any garden or landscape where the soil holds it's moisture well into summer.
It is a good wildlife plant to attract insects. Grown from seed or plants, Fleabane sends out long underground runners and spreads fast into clumps of bold colour. Ideal for roadsides.
|Management: Grassland species requires cutting at end of year
|Tolerance of cutting: high
|Cutting time: End of year
Edible / Medicinal: Medicinal, Do not consume unless advised. Probably contain poisons
Life Cycle (Form): Perennial
Flower Height: 50 to 60 cm
Foliage Height: 5 - 10 cm
Flower Colour: Yellow,
Flowering period: August, September.
Time to Flower: 24 months
Soil Type: Will grow in most soils, best in deep, peaty, damp soil.
pH Type: Acid, Neutral, Alkaline.
Moisture: Moist, Wet
Aspect: Shade to full sunWildlife Value: Medium, Attracts Butterflies, Hoverflies & Bees.
|Species Common Name: Foxglove
|Species Botanical Name: Digitalis purpurea
Few of our wildflowers are as popular as the tall purple Foxglove, its just about everybody's favourite.
Having important medical use and great for Bumble bees, this upright species sometimes blooms white.
If you have it growing in your garden you probably have an acid soil.
The plant is poisonous and care should be taken to explain its properties to children.
That it grows on stony, (shale) acid drained soils in the west and in Co. Wicklow, Co. Down and Co. Donegal. That Foxglove grows best from seed and it requires two sowing over two years to establish as it is Biannual.
|Foxglove will transplant and acts as a ground cover when young, it also tolerates deep shade provided that it gets winter sun, so it will grow under the dense foliage of Sycamore, Beech and Chestnut trees
|Management: Requires self seeding, in shade allow seed to fall, or cut and scatter the seeds. Some persistence in dry open peaty shaley grassland. Keep fertility poor,
|Tolerance of cutting: None, except end of season management
|Cutting time: None
|Edible / Medicinal: Poison. Very Medicinal. Do not consume unless advised. Probably contain poisons
growing on a raised peat bank in the open in full sunlight, in such
situations more vigorous species will compete out the foxglove and form
a grassy bank. so if you want foxglove be prepared to Gap create the
soil. Burning grass away, brings on Foxglove as does Coppice and
heavy pruning of bushes and trees.
Foxglove can be used in Shady borders to provide height and colour at a time between Spring and Summer.
Life Cycle (Form): Biennial
Flower Height: 60 to 150 cm
Foliage Height: 5 - 30 cm
Flower Colour: Purple
Flowering period: May, June,
Time to Flower: 12 months
Soil Type: Will grow in most soils, best in light dry, acid, sandy, peaty or light soil.
pH Type: Acid, Neutral,
Moisture: Dry, Moist,
Aspect: Shade to full sunWildlife Value: Medium, Attracts Bumble Bees
Among Bracken fern, you can grow Foxglove as well as Dog Violets and Hedge Stichwort, Bluebell and Red Campion.
The plant is best let grow where it arrives and only weeded when threatening a more valuable species.
Each year Design By Nature produces about 3 Billion seeds of Foxglove for sale. The seed is dust size, where they all go I will never understand, but many of our first customers still have Foxglove flowering all about the place.