Irish Wildflower Conservation Grade Seed Mixture:
Wild Flower Mixtures (Code WF)
Name: Cut and Sow. Sow direct into existing meadow or lawns
purchasing this seed mix, print or save this page and keep it as your
reference as the species and advice change occasionally
for the faint hearted!!!! We have so many easier mixtures, why would
you....want this one???????
mixture is very difficult to establish even for professionals. the results
are far less and less species can
establish this way.
will not get annuals flowing in the first year, unless you do a really
good job to cut away as much grass as possible.
sell this mix mainly to professionals who try to introduce more flora into
an existing meadow with wild species that its better not to kill.
and Sow Mix' is a simple 'limited in species mixture', that can be sown directly into existing meadows,
worn grass swords and poor lawns
WF06 can be sown
straight into existing swards, by over sowing, stitching or high spec' slot seeding.
This mixture is designed for dry
soils, we make 'Bespoke special mixes' for wet soils
first and maybe second year, you will have to cut the grass to 4" / 10cm each month
in spring and late summer after sowing, saying this you also have to let
the Yellow Rattle flower and go to seed in mid summer. This requires
aim to stop the grass smothering the wildflower seed. Yet have the
grass and flora high enough for Rattle to grow.
year two, stop cutting in early June. so to let it flower from mid June
into July, but do not ever let the grass over grow the flora or the
grasses will kill the seedlings. As Rattle usually sets seed by Late
July, cut down again in August in Year 1 and 2.
germinate from the original packet keep germinating up to 2 years after
sowing. The first emerge three weeks after sowing and then each Spring and
Autumn for years after, That's why the meadow must be kept open and short.
no use trying to sow into a dense sword or lawn, instead use a non
residual weed killer or a mix of soap, vinegar and salt, search internet.
Best way is to cut the grass very short, remove all dead materials and pin
or tine harrow the surface to scratch the soil to accept the seeds.
Please study the following
This mixture contains Yellow
rattle as the main species to control grass growth. esp' if Autumn or
early spring sown, as Rattle will germinate easily on the bare soil.
If summer sown, Rattle will have
to be added in Autumn. Yellow Rattle controls most grasses, bar couch
sowing in a warn spring or summer, which can be great for rapid
germination, Rattle germination will be poor, so sow Rattle again in
To establishing a Cut and Sow mixture, you may first require weeding out unwanted species from the
existing 'sward' of grass.
Kill weeds, specially white clover, dock, thistle and couch grass.
Then cut down / mow the existing grass as low as is possible, to what's
called 'zero grazed' to remove all the green grass and remove any dead grass thatch or dead
'straw' materials, the lawn should look like bare soil. But the roots
of the grass will be under the soil waiting to grow
The grass will be still alive but under the soil,
so the soil surface has to be as exposed as possible to accept the seeds
and have enough space for them to grow.
there is a lot of vegetation, Cut it again before the harrow
cut down to the 'scut' Rake/harrow the ground
to scratch the surface, sometimes easier said than done, and sow the seed as soon as you can, while the grass is below soil.
Rake, Roll or press the seed into the ground.
for grass to re-emerge, then cut down to 10cm to 14cm, do not cut into the
about 3 to 5 cuts per year depending on fertility
LET THE GRASS SMOTHER THE SEEDLINGS. Do Not Cut in Mid or High Summer
Gardens: For small
areas, use strimmer, rotary and mulch mowers to reduce and remove the
grass the operation can be followed by a cultivator passed over the soil at lowest throttle to
scratch the surface. We use a rake, in very small areas.
large areas: Employ a chain, tine
or pin harrow or specialist contractors with 'one pass seeder
machines' which will kill narrow bands of grass to allow the seed to be
sown, the ground can also be harrowed, roll the seed into the
If livestock are available, graze the soil so it becomes poached, harrow
and roll then sow and roll again.
SOWING: Try to sow the seed in early spring or late Autumn, to
establish the Yellow Rattle,
is best when the
grass is not growing, and there is moisture in your soil.
into the bare soil that you have scored and roll and or rake the seed into
the surface. Record the date of sowing and exactly 5 weeks later if there
is grass growth, cut to 6 cm and again in 5 weeks cut to 10 cm and remove
If the grass tops the
germinating flora, cut again into late September to 10cm.
It is important to try and carry
out any such work just before rain is due.
If too much grass growth arises and there are a number of 'growth
inhibitors' (not for gardeners) that can inhibit grasses, these can be
used at low or half the recommended rates once the flora is passed the 8
In summer on dry soil the grass should stop growing and cutting will be
unnecessary, indeed the grass may assist the growth of the wildflowers if
maintained at 30 to 60 cm.
Options: If sowing
into existing grass swards, Individual species of Seeds, Wildflower Plugs,
Plants and Planteens can also be sown into the sword at the same time, as
the establishment and maintenance will be the same, these can be placed
where they will best grow.
We have seen
a lot of failures with this method as the grass rarely gets cut after planting,
even when sowing plants, the grass has to be cut to allow them space to
grow. seeds are far easier and cheaper.
Insure that planting is timed to when rain is due.
Harebell is ideal for
such single species introductions as the seed is expensive and difficult
Origin: Garden Wildflower Seed Mixture.
pH range: Suits all soils.
Contains Grassland Annuals, Cornfield Annuals (certain sites) , Biennials and Perennials.
Height Range: 30cm - 160cm
Flowering Period: May to September
grow on any soil, the less fertile the soil, the
less cutting will be required.
Total number of seeds per gram: 960
Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Meddick, Century,
Cowslip, Devils bit Scabious, Meadow Buttercup, Field Scabious, Kidney Vetch, Lady's Bedstraw,
Lesser Knapweed, Marjoram, Ox-eye Daisy, Red Clover, Ribwort Plantain,
Smooth Hawksbit, Sorrel, St Johnswort, Wild Carrot, Yarrow, Iris.
If the site is very well cut back and the soil is bare and crumbly we can add Century, Corn Marigold, Corn Poppy, Cornflower,
Eyebright and or Red Bartsia
Saxifrage can be added.
soil mixtures includes Fleabane, Water Avens, Wild Valerian, Meadowsweet
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow.
Seed Sowing Rates:
Pure wildflowers - 1
to 1.5 grams per metre.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: A nurse crop is not required