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Native Origin Irish Wildflower
Seed Mixture: Range: Meadow Mixtures (Code
Product Name: MM12 Wild Flora for Raw
Impoverished Sub Soil
Product Code: MM12
Meadow Mixture - MM12 - will grow on any infertile or
even barren subsoil. It is colourful and long lasting. This mixture will require one cut
per year, but may last two or more uncut as there will be little growth.
Wild Flora for Raw Impoverished Sub Soil is a Basic mixture, which can grow with the poorest of site conditions and can be sown with grasses to hold the clay from eroding, esp' on steep banks.
This mixture will grow well on un-worked wet soils acidic gleys, clays and
daub basic soils.
MM12 needs attention to secure a meadow. On wet soils, after an initial
cleaning of the seed bed, weeds and grasses may reinvade. In the second or
third year, do not let the grass out grow the wildflowers, cut the meadow
back to 12 -16 cm and remove the cuttings.
Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Meddick, Corn Marigold, Corn Pansy, Corn Poppy,
Corncockle, Cornflower, Cowslip, Devil's Bit Scabious, Eyebright, Meadow
Buttercup, Fleabane, Greater Trefoil, Lesser Knapweed,
Scented Mayweed, Meadowsweet, Ox-eye Daisy, Purple Loosestrife,
Ragged Robin, Red Rattle, Red Bartsia, Red Clover, Ribwort
Plantain, Rough Hawksbit, Sorrel, St. Johnswort, White Campion, Wild
Angelica, Wild Carrot, Yarrow, Yellow Rattle, Marsh Loosewort, Lady's Smock, Yellow Clover.
Because all the species in this mixture are suited to harsh sites they will out grow the grass and can be left un-cut until the end of summer.
You will have to make a judgment as to when to cut, do not cut so late that it starts to 'lodge' or fall over.
Always remove the cuttings to lower the fertility.
MM12 is not intended for very small areas, as it needs space.
The species in this mixture are found in many Irish fields
on Wet acidic 'Daub', 'Gley' or very wet, heavy sticky soil that is water impervious
and the pH is acid to neutral. (Classified as Podzol). MM12 will grow on
poor soil with little fertility and tolerates wind swept areas.
This strong coloured, bright flowery mixture makes an ideal choice for
many new houses throughout the midlands of Ireland, as MM12 will grow on
compacted, denuded and poor soils typical throughout much of the midlands
from East Mayo to Louth, from Laois to Roscommon, Cavan and Fermanagh.
After a few years, this mixture will develop a skim of peaty topsoil, and
more species may be added.
is included, it is an annual weed, added to provide pink/red tones in the
first year as the red Poppy tends not do well on acid clay soil but are included
not confuse 'Meadow Buttercup' supplied in this mixture, with the invasive
'Creeping Buttercup', which is not included, but may be present on such
soil. To control Creeping Buttercup, cut the meadow just before the
Creeping Buttercup flowers, if the problem gets worse over-sow the meadow
with grasses to control infestations. Rush is also a weed typical of
such soils, the site should be clean of rush before sowing and as rush
emerges from seeds present in your soil treat it. See elsewhere on this
site for details. Search Rush and Common Rush.
Origin: Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed
Moisture Level: Suits any sub soil, not intended for very dry well
drained sub soils.
pH range: Best between 5.5 - 6.5
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: <50cm - > 160cm
Flowering Period: May to August.
Fertility Range: Will
grow on any sticky clay sub soil
Total number of seeds per gram: 1722
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow.
recommends that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption.
Sowing on sticky clay soils is difficult, often they cannot be raked or they are too heavy to hand work. We use heavy machinery to track over and create a mini ridged seed bed from the tracks.
Optimum Sowing Time: Spring, early
autumn, when the soil is warm.
Sow and roll in, leave on the top of the soil, If doing so it can be mixed with grass
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Seed Sowing Rates:
sowing rate 'without added grass seed':1.5 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 grams per metre.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a, use Bent and
Fescue species, Do not use species of Perennial Rye grass
Sow with or without grasses: Either / with grasses /
Sowing rate with grasses: 2 to 7 grams per
metre depending on the percentage of grass.
If sown without
Will not require a nurse crop.
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should
germinate 5 - 12 weeks after sowing, from then on, provided the sward is
kept open and a 'Thatch'
is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge,
through to the third year.
annuals supplied in this mixture will
flower profusely, provided they are sown before June. This mixture requires one cut when finished flowering.
Second Year: In the second year the biennials
will also be very colourful.
If this mixture was not cut in first year, cut
and remove foliage in early Spring. Cut again in July, August or September,
depending on when flower finish or the level of weeds that emerge.
In the third year this meadow mixture will seem
to have less flora than the first and second year. Why?
The perennial species are still young, many will only have
germinated in the second season, so flowers will be sparse. However,
there should be identifiable foliage and some flowers. If not contact
If the native grass seeds present in your soil grow vigorously, the meadow will require two
or three cuts, the first cut in Spring (April/May) and the second cut in July or August, the meadow can again be
cut in September if the grasses are still growing strong.
should this meadow be established and require one cut?
In the fourth year, when the perennials in the mixture should be flowering on
many stems and starting to clump and spread, again if the grass is still
vigorous cut in spring and in August of the fourth year. However if the
perennials are growing strong there will be no need to cut until July,
August or September depending on the fertility and wetness of the soil
and the species which have grown.
wildflower meadow should last many years, provided the wildflower species
established, weeds were controlled and the meadow was cut and the cut
material removed and occasional 'Gaps'
are created. If not contact DBN.
Persistence if unmanaged: Low
Tolerance of Cutting: High after second year.
General Cutting Time: Mid to end of Summer and again in
Specific Cutting Time: Wait 3 weeks until after the last flush
of flowers fade away, after seeds set.
of cut materials: Always remove the
cuttings, wildflower meadow hay should be removed as soon as possible
and not be heaped on site as it will grow mouldy (a health risk).
Meadow cuttings can be spread as compost in sheet mulches around trees
and shrubs or composted.
Management: Control grasses and weeds until
well established. Accept any normal non-invasive weeds as they provide cover,
once the sward is established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can
be used to eliminate problem species. Control weeds, especially Creeping
Buttercup and White Clover, if present cut this meadow in May in
year two. The third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as
scutch grass, creeping thistle, nettle and dock will try to dominate as
the growing conditions are ideal for such unwanted species.
Most species in this mixture
are 'Browse' resistant.
General Description of Meadow Range:
Meadow Mixtures are
designed to grow on soil in specific situations.
This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with species suitability,
composition and performance to be attractive, encourage wildlife and local biodiversity.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value
given time, develop into a flora that will persist if properly maintained.
Contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower