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Native Origin Irish Wildflower
Seed Mixture: Range: Meadow Mixtures (Code
Product Name: MM11 Free Draining Soils in High rainfall areas
Product Code: MM11
Meadow Mixture - MM11 - is a difficult to establish but rewarding seed mixture for Dry-Humid acid soil is for high
rainfall areas with acid soils especially on Old Red Sandstone and peaty soils in
the south and west. (occasionally elsewhere)
Ideally suited to shallow peaty soil mixed with clay topsoil or loams of
an acid base this mixture will flower all summer.
MM11 should be cut at least once per year.
Do not let any stock on it in the first two years or they will damage it
as the heather is delicate when young.
The annual Corncockle has noxious
seeds, one of the many reasons for it not to be grazed by stock until the
winter of year two, when all the annuals (Corncockle) will have totally disappeared.
annuals only flower for one year on untilled soil..
Origin: Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed
Moisture Level: Not for dry soil, unless well drained in high rainfall areas. suits moist free draining
soils but not
pH range: Best between 5 - 6.5
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: <30cm - > 150cm
Flowering Period: May to August.
Fertility Range: Will
grow on any soil, suits mildly fertile top soil. The less fertile the soil, the
less cutting will be required.
Total number of seeds per gram: 1390
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow.
Red Rattle, Stonecrop, Heather species, Corn Marigold, Corncockle, Cowslip, Devil's Bit Scabious, Meadow Buttercup, Foxglove,
Hemp Agrimony, Lesser Knapweed, Scented Mayweed,
Meadowsweet, Ox-eye Daisy, Ragged Robin, Red Clover, Ribwort
Plantain, Selfheal, Sorrel, Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot,
Yarrow, Yellow Rattle. Birdsfoot Trefoil, Red Bartsia, Mint, Bog asphodel,
1% Bluebell, and Mullein as a safe guard nurse crop in second year. Marsh
Ragwort 0.1% (not Common Ragwort)
recommends that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption.
Normal, create firm, fine tilt on seed bed, if clay, ensure a fine tilt or press the seed into clean soil.
Optimum Sowing Time: Spring, early
autumn, when the soil is warm.
Normal, roll or rake into surface to
keep out of reach from birds.
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown. Yes.
Seed Sowing Rates:
sowing rate 'without added grass seed':1.5 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 grams per metre.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a, use Bent and
Fescue species, Do not use species of Perennial Rye grass
Sow with or without grasses: Either / with grasses /
Sowing rate with grasses: 2 to 7 grams per
metre depending on the percentage of grass.
If sown without
Will not require a nurse crop.
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should
germinate 3 - 6 weeks after sowing, from then on, provided the sward is
kept open and a 'Thatch'
is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge,
through to the third year.
annuals supplied in this mixture May flower, provided they are sown before June. This mixture requires one cut when finished flowering.
Second Year: In the second year the biennials
will also be very colourful.
If this mixture was not cut in first year, cut
and remove foliage in early Spring, before the biennials grow. Cut again in July, August or September,
depending on when flower finish or the level of weeds that emerge.
In the third year this meadow mixture will seem
to have less flora than the first and second year. Why?
The perennial species are still young, many will only have
germinated in the second season, so flowers will be sparse. However,
there should be identifiable foliage and some flowers. If not contact
If the native grass seeds present in your soil grow vigorously, the meadow will require two
or three cuts, the first cut in Spring (April/May) and the second cut in July or August, the meadow can again be
cut in September if the grasses are still growing strong.
should this meadow be established and require one cut?
In the fourth year, when the perennials in the mixture should be flowering on
many stems and starting to clump and spread, again if the grass is still
vigorous cut in spring and in August of the fourth year.
However if the
perennials are growing strong there will be no need to cut until July,
August or September depending on the fertility and wetness of the soil
and the species which have grown.
wildflower meadow should last many years, provided the wildflower species
established, weeds were controlled and the meadow was cut and the cut
material removed and occasional 'Gaps'
are created. If not contact DBN.
Persistence if unmanaged: Low to moderate.
Tolerance of Cutting: High after second year.
General Cutting Time: Mid to end of Summer and again in
Specific Cutting Time: Wait 3 weeks until after the last flush
of flowers fade away, after seeds set.
of cut materials: Always remove the
cuttings, wildflower meadow hay should be removed as soon as possible
and not be heaped on site as it will grow mouldy (a health risk).
Meadow cuttings can be spread as compost in sheet mulches around trees
and shrubs or composted.
Management: Control grasses and weeds until
well established. Accept any normal non-invasive weeds as they provide cover,
once the sward is established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can
be used to eliminate problem species. Control weeds, especially Creeping
Buttercup, if Creeping Buttercup is present cut this meadow in May in
year two. The third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as
scutch grass, creeping thistle, nettle and dock will try to dominate as
the growing conditions are ideal for such unwanted species.
Most species in this mixture
are 'Browse' resistant.
General Description of Meadow Range:
Meadow Mixtures are
designed to grow on soil in specific situations.
This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with species suitability,
composition and performance to be attractive, encourage wildlife and local biodiversity.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value
given time, develop into a flora that will persist if properly maintained.
Contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower