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Native Origin Irish Wildflower
Range: Meadow Mixtures (Code
without grass, Grass seed can be added
Product Name: Wild
Flora for Sandy Soil, or Stony Till. (pH <7.9)
Product Code: MM04
Mixture - MM04 is a stunning wildflower seed mixture ideal for sunny soils that are mostly made up of sand, gravel, glacial till (stony) or any
open, sandy or course textured soil, one that is a 'light-easy-to-dig-soil' that dries out or is well drained. MM04 can be sown on quarries or on a
large roof garden.
It can be grown short or tall, and can be grazed by Hares and Rabbits and most other wild animals.
Many of the
flowers attract butterflies esp. Knapweed and Field Scabious.
mixture can be kept short or allowed to grow and if sown on real sand may
not have to be cut every year (every second year may do) as there will be little
in the way of competition.
Catchfly and Haresfoot clover are interesting plants to
watch out for.
Origin: Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed
Moisture Level: Suits dry, normal or moist sand, not intended for very
wet sandy soil.
pH range: Best between 5.5 - 7.5
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: After year 2 = 30cm - 120cm
Flowering Period: May to August.
Fertility Range: The less fertile the soil, the
less cutting will be required.
Total number of seeds per gram: 1735
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow.
Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Meddick, Bladder Campion, Burnet Saxifrage, Centaury, Corn Marigold, Corn Poppy, Cornflower, Corncockle, Cowslip,
Field Scabious, Greater Knapweed, Kidney Vetch, Lady's Bedstraw, Lesser
Knapweed, Marjoram, Scented Mayweed, Mullein, Ox-eye Daisy, Quaking Grass, Red Clover,
Ribwort Plantain, Rough Hawksbit, Selfheal, St Johnswort, White Campion, Wild Carrot,
Yellow Rattle, Nottingham Catchfly, Musk Mallow, Salad Burnet, White
recommends that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption.
When sowing seed on sand keep the seed and seedlings
moist after sowing, do not allow sand to dry as the seeds emerge as sand
is liable to dry out very quickly, within hours.
Optimum Sowing Time: Early spring,
before the soil starts to dry our or in autumn, when the soil is still
warm, when rain is due.
Firm the soil, as best as you can, roll or rake
seed into surface to
keep out of reach from birds.
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Fertiliser: May be required on some sandy
soils, if existing plants find it difficult to grow on your soil, seek
Seed Sowing Rates:
sowing rate 'without added grass seed': 1.5 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 grams per metre.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: A nurse crop would be beneficial,
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a, use Bent and
Fescue species, Do not use species of Perennial Rye grass
Sow with or without grasses: Either / with grasses /
Sowing rate with grasses: 2 to 7 grams per
metre depending on the percentage of grass.
If sown without
grass seed, will this mixture require a nurse crop?: If the soil
is likely to be very dry and in full sun and hot? If so. then an additional
nurse crop will assist germination, however there are a small amount of
'nurse crop' annuals are provided in this mixture, enough for most sites
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should
germinate 4 - 6 weeks after sowing, from then on, provided the sward is
kept open and a 'Thatch'
is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge,
through to the third year.
annuals supplied in this mixture will
flower profusely, provided they are sown before June. This mixture requires one cut when finished flowering.
Second Year: In the second year the biennials
will also be very colourful.
If this mixture was not cut in first year, cut
and remove foliage in early Spring. Cut again in July, August or September,
depending on when flower finish or the level of weeds that emerge.
In the third year this meadow mixture will seem
to have less flora than the first and second year. Why?
The perennial species are still young, many will only have
germinated in the second season, so flowers will be sparse. However,
there should be identifiable foliage and some flowers. If not contact
If the native grass seeds present in your soil grow vigorously, the meadow will require two
or three cuts, the first cut in Spring (April/May) and the second cut in July or August, the meadow can again be
cut in September if the grasses are still growing strong.
When should this meadow be established and require one cut?
In the fourth year, when the perennials in the mixture should be flowering on
many stems and starting to clump and spread, again if the grass is still
vigorous cut in spring and in August of the fourth year. However if the
perennials are growing strong there will be no need to cut until July,
August or September depending on the fertility and wetness of the soil
and the species which have grown.
wildflower meadow should last many years, provided the wildflower species
established, weeds were controlled and the meadow was cut and the cut
material removed and occasional 'Gaps'
are created. If not contact DBN.
Persistence if unmanaged: High, provided
the sward is keep very open.
Tolerance of Cutting: High after second year.
General Cutting Time: Mid to end of Summer and again in
Specific Cutting Time: Wait 3 weeks until after the last flush
of flowers fade away, after seeds set.
of cut materials: Always remove the
cuttings, wildflower meadow hay should be removed as soon as possible
and not be heaped on site as it will grow mouldy (a health risk).
Meadow cuttings can be spread as compost in sheet mulches around trees
and shrubs or composted.
Management: Control grasses and weeds until
well established. Accept any normal non-invasive weeds as they provide cover,
once the sward is established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can
be used to eliminate problem species.
Most species in this mixture
are 'Browse' resistant.
Rabbits effect this mixture when young but once established they should
also help keep it short and flowering more profusely.
General Description of Meadow Range:
Meadow Mixtures are
designed to grow on soil in specific situations.
This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with species suitability,
composition and performance to be attractive, encourage wildlife and local biodiversity.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value
given time, develop into a flora that will persist if properly maintained.
Contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower