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Native Origin Irish Wildflower
Seed Mixture: Range: Meadow Mixtures (Code
Product Name: Wild
Flora for Clay and Gley (sticky top soil)
Product Code: MM02
MM02 - Is a top selling timeless standard seed mixture.
This mixture will grow on any heavy soil, (usually moisture retentive)
MM02 is a medium to tall mix best suited to moisture
retentive sticky clay soils found throughout Ireland. It will perform even if the clay dries out.
This mixture will grow
very well on old well worked clay soils or new gardens with builders clay compacted after the builders have
for nutrient improved acidic gley, clays and daub basic soils. On clay soils, after an initial cleaning of
the seed bed, weeds and grasses may re-invade, wait a few weeks and clean up the weeds again.
Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Meddick, Bladder Campion, Corn Marigold,
Corn Poppy, Corncockle, Cowslip, Devil's Bit Scabious, Eyebright, Meadow
Buttercup, Fleabane, Greater Trefoil, Lesser Knapweed, Scented Mayweed,
Meadowsweet, Ox-eye Daisy, Purple Loosestrife, Ragged Robin, Red Clover, Ribwort Plantain,
Selfheal, Sorrel, St Johnswort, Water Avens,
Wild Angelica, Yarrow, Yellow Agrimony, Yellow Rattle,
MM02 needs careful attention to secure a meadow. In the second or third year, do not
let the grass out-grow the wildflowers, cut the meadow back to 12 -16 cm and remove the
Clay soils tend to
be fertile, even when you think it's not (yellowing grass can be a
sign of cold weather or poor drainage and not poor fertility), to control rampancy the meadow should be cut in spring and late July or August and if you have the time again
in Autumn. Always
clear the cutting and do not let any more fertility build up on clay
if it appears is a 'rare gem' of a species, please tell us if it grows on
MM02 will be at its best in July. The tall Meadow Buttercup will provide great spring colour to start the
season Do not confuse Meadow
Buttercup with Creeping Buttercup, which is
not included, but may be present on many a clay soil. Cut the meadow just before
the Creeping Buttercup flowers, if the problem gets worse over-sow the
meadow with grasses to control infestations.
Poppy tends not do well on acid clay
Origin: Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed
Moisture Level: Not for very dry soil, best suits normal, moist
pH range: Best between 5.5 - 7
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: <30cm - >200cm
Flowering Period: May to August.
Fertility Range: Will
grow on any soil, suits fertile top soil.
Wintergreen: Moderate to poor.
Total number of seeds per gram: 1480
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow. Photo of clay soil mixture taken September 2009.
Warning: DBN recommends that this mixture is not for human or animal
Soil Preparation: May be difficult on clay soil. create fine tilt on
seed bed, press the seed into clean soil.
Optimum Sowing Time: Late spring, early autumn, when the soil is
Clay soil will be difficult to sow and rake. roll, press or rake into surface to
keep out of reach from birds.
Method: By hand is recommended, if using seed spreaders be careful to
insure the small varieties of seed do not drop to the bottom of the seed
spreader and get sown all in the one place. Can be Hydrasown.
Sowing Rates: 1.5 grams per metre.
Normal sowing rate 'without added grass seed':1.5 grams per
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should
germinate 4 - 8 weeks after sowing, from then on, provided the sward is
kept open and a 'Thatch' is not allowed develop, species will continue
to germinate and emerge, through to the third year.
First Year: If this mixture is sown with annuals, or contains annuals,
they will flower profusely, provided they are sown before June. They
require one cut when finished flowering. Cut once in late August.
Second Year: In the second year the biennials will also be very
If this mixture was not cut in first year, cut and remove foliage in
early Spring. Cut again in July, August or September, depending on when
flower finish or the level of weeds that emerge.
In the third year this meadow mixture will seem
to have less flora than the first and second year. Why?
The perennial species are still young, many will only have
germinated in the second season, so flowers will be sparse. However,
there should be identifiable foliage and some flowers. If not contact
If the native grass seeds present in your soil grow vigorously, the meadow will require two
or three cuts, the first cut in Spring (April/May) and the second cut in July or August, the meadow can again be
cut in September if the grasses are still growing strong.
When should this meadow be established and require one cut?
In the fourth year, when the perennials in the mixture should be flowering on
many stems and starting to clump and spread, again if the grass is still
vigorous cut in spring and in August of the fourth year. However if the
perennials are growing strong there will be no need to cut until July,
August or September depending on the fertility and wetness of the soil
and the species which have grown.
wildflower meadow should last many years, provided the wildflower species
established, weeds were controlled and the meadow was cut and the cut
material removed and occasional 'Gaps'
are created. If not contact DBN.
Persistence if unmanaged: Low
Tolerance of Cutting: High after second year.
General Cutting Time: Mid to end of Summer and again in
Specific Cutting Time: Wait 3 weeks until after the last flush
of flowers fade away, after seeds set.
of cut materials: Always remove the
cuttings, wildflower meadow hay should be removed as soon as possible
and not be heaped on site as it will grow mouldy (a health risk).
Meadow cuttings can be spread as compost in sheet mulches around trees
and shrubs or composted.
Management: Control grasses and weeds until
well established. Accept any normal non-invasive weeds in first year as they provide cover,
once the sward is established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can
be used to eliminate problem species. Control weeds, especially Creeping
Buttercup, if Creeping Buttercup is present cut this meadow in May in
year two. The third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as scutch grass, creeping thistle, nettle and dock will try to dominate as
the growing conditions are ideal for such unwanted species.
Most species in this mixture
are 'Browse' resistant.
General Description of Meadow Range:
Meadow Mixtures are
designed to grow on soil in specific situations.
This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with species suitability,
composition and performance to be attractive, encourage wildlife and local biodiversity.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value
given time, develop into a flora that will persist if properly maintained.
Contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower