Origin Irish Wildflower Seed Mixtures: Ecotype
Product Name: Wild Flora for Earth
Banks, Bunds and Ditches
EC12 is designed for raised earth banks and bunds. In some parts these
features are called 'earth ditches' but the name is misleading.
This floral mixture is designed to be sow on the bank as well as the
verge (soil at ground level) and a scatter of seeds could be tossed into
any 'grip or ditch' dug out for drainage.
The soils 'thrown up' to form the earth bank are often mixed and from
different depths, the chosen species are designed to cope with all sorts
of conditions bar stiff impermeable subsoil.
At first glance a few species may seem unsuitable, plants
such as Meadowsweet, Hemp Agrimony and Wild Angelica colonise the lowest
and wettest niche at the base of the bank, whilst others like Oxeye
daisy exploit sunny dry or cool shaded parts. Mullein and Red
Campion are added to provide extra colour.
is added as often these banks remain uncut and get shaded.
List: Code EC12 Wild Flora for Earth
Banks , Bunds and Ditches
Hedge Garlic Mustard
a species that is either of diminished national geno-type or specific to
only a few sites, or who's habitat is increasingly threatened, or the
species is uncommon, rare, becoming rare, is endangered, reintroduced or
saved from extinction.
In all cases, your purchase contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower
Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed Mixture. EC11
Suitable for soil type: All types of soil, Clay, Loam, Sand,
Light Soil and Heavy Soil
Moisture Level: Dry, Normal, Moist, but not
pH range: Best between 5.5 >7.9
Aspect: Sunny, Semi Shade and not deeply
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial / Perennial.
Height Range: <30cm to >180cm
Flowering Period: May to August.
Fertility Range: Will grow in very fertile soil to poor, if very
infertile apply fertiliser (see below).
The main species which should dominate and persist in this mixture: Bluebell,
Field Scabious, Fleabane, Greater Trefoil, Hemp Agrimony, Lady's
Bedstraw, Lesser Knapweed, Meadowsweet, Ox-eye Daisy, Red Campion,
Sorrel, St Johnswort.
Annual Species: Corn
Marigold, Corn Poppy, Corncockle, Cornflower, Scented and Scentless Mayweed.
Biennial Species: Foxglove, Hedge Garlic
Mustard, Mullein, Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot.
Rare, unusual, and feature species: Mugwort,
Pokeweed, White Bedstraw, Yellow Agrimony
Species which will grow if the conditions are
ideal: Primrose, Wood Sage depending on soil and situation
may require some shade.
Species which will be affected by management: Bluebell
and Feverfew will not persist in grassy sward.
Additional species which could be added to this
mixture as individual species of plants: Hedge Stichwort
(occasionally in stock in our nursery)
Notes: For large areas this
mixture may be unsuitable, instead specify different mixtures for the
top and bottom, and if the bank is orientated east-west, choose a
mixture for sun and shade.
Specification: As Normal,
roll or rake into surface to keep out of reach from birds. Due to
the nature of earth banks this mixture may be difficult to sow and
maintain on steeply sided banks, if you have a problem deploying the
seed to the sides of the bank, a mixture of powdered kelp seaweed and
sand, compost or old manure can be 'wet-mixed' together to help stick
the seeds to the bank. Better still would be to shape the bank to allow
for easy sowing and maintenance.
Preparation: If normal, create fine tilt on seed bed, if
clay, ensure it is weed free, keep slopes gentle. If there is an
abundance of subsoil, try to get ridges or shelves along the
'horizontal' to allow seed to lodge.
Optimum Sowing Time: Late spring,
early autumn, when the soil is warm or as soon as the earth bank is
made, or when the earth bank is weed free.
Conditions: The top may dry out. Seedlings on the sides may be
smothered if grasses collapse down on top of them from above.
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Sowing Rates: 1.5
grams per metre.
Normal sowing rate 'without added grass seed': 1.5 grams per
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 grams per
Low sowing rate: none.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a, use Bent and
Sow with or without grasses: Without grasses, grasses can be
added once all species have germinated and are mature.
Sowing rate with grasses: n/a
sown without grasses: This mixture will not require a nurse crop.
However protection to the species on the top of the mound may be of
Total number of seeds per gram:2340
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should
germinate 6 weeks after sowing, from then on provided the sward is kept
open and a 'Thatch'
is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge,
through to the third year.
Up to 40% of all seed should germinate in the first year.
Up to 60% of all species should germinate in 24 months.
Up to 95% of all species should have flowered by the fourth year after
Persistence if unmanaged: Medium
Tolerance of Cutting: Medium / High after second year.
General Cutting Time: No cutting in the first year, In July in
year two, from year 3, Cut in Mid and again at the end of Summer.
Cutting may be hazardous on at eye level on ditches ware protective
Specific Cutting Time: If grasses dominate, cut in July, in not
wait until August, this mixture can be regularly strimmed from the third
Control grasses and weeds until well established. Accept any
weeds in first year as they provide cover, once the sward is
established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can be used to
eliminate problem species. Control rampant weeds, especially Nettle, if
Nettle is present cut this meadow in April and spray or dig the nettle
in year two.
Warning: While this Ecotype mixture contains the seed of edible and herbal
species, DBN recommend that this mixture is not for human or animal
consumption as it contains species such as Corncockle and Foxglove which
are toxic if ingested. Wild Parsnip can irritate the skin.