Native Origin Irish Wildflower Seed Mixtures: Ecotype
Product Code: EC10
Product Name: Wild Flora for Lanes and Avenues
(occasional or light dappled shade).
This is a designed
mixture for customers who wish to sow lanes, roadside verges and
avenues, who wish they had the old romantic wildflora of past
EC10 features species which can tolerate new 'raw' unimproved soils in
full sun or light shade, it contains many plants that are tall and deep-rooted.
EC10 is for entrances to new rural houses, newly planted tree lined
avenues, rural roadside & hedges in light shade or full sun, this
mixture can be scattered and raked into recent repair work on country
roads, where tractors and trucks have destroyed the margin.
This mixture is
not intended for small gardens or the faint hearted.
EC10 will improve and enrich raw soil, take the bare look of any
situation, and tolerate the many changing temperatures of a typical
Irish Summer. If wet, included are species that will flourish even in
standing water. If bone dry, never mind, there is a bunch of species to
EC10 is a colourful,
wildlife attracting mix and can be cut once in spring after the primrose
flowers or cut in June to control rank grasses just as the Cow Parsley finishes
flowering and at the end of summer in Autumn.
Even better EC10 will
suppress grass, conserve moisture and protect the roots of newly planted
trees and shrubs through the actions of 'shade creating' species such as
Cow Parsley and Burdock and Wild Angelica. This mixture is a soil
EC10 will serve all those
sites that are not shaded enough for Woodland or Hedgerow, that are far
too open for a sunny wildflower mixture and where the soil is in need of
Species List: EC10
Wild Flora for Lanes and Avenues (dappled shade)
Hedge Garlic Mustard
Upright Hedge Parsley
Yellow Flag Iris
Dames Violet/ Sweet Rocket
a species that is either of diminished national geno-type or specific to
only a few sites, or who's habitat is increasingly threatened, or the
species is uncommon, rare, becoming rare, is endangered, reintroduced or
saved from extinction.
In all cases, your purchase contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower
this Ecotype mixture contains the seed of edible and herbal species, DBN
recommend that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption as it
contains species such as Corncockle and Foxglove which are toxic if
ingested. Greater Celandine contains an
alkaloid reported to cure warts but is equally reported to burn skin.
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow.
Origin: Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed Mixture. EC10All types of soil, Clay, Loam, Sand,
Light Soil and Heavy Soil
Moisture Level: Dry, Normal, Moist.
pH range: Best between 5.5 >7.5
Aspect: Sunny, light shade and not deeply shaded.
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: <30cm to >200cm
Flowering Period: March to May, June to August.
Fertility Range: Will
grow in very fertile soil to poor.
The main species which should dominate and persist in this
mixture: Alexanders, Burdock, Cow-Parsley,
Mullein, Hedge Garlic Mustard, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley,
Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Bladder Campion, Bluebell, Field
Scabious, Hemp Agrimony, Lesser Knapweed, Meadowsweet, Ox-eye Daisy, Red
Campion, Red Clover, Ribwort Plantain, Sorrel, St Johnswort, Yarrow,
Yellow Flag Iris, Dames Violet,
Species: Yellow Rattle, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Corn Poppy, Corncockle, Cornflower,
Scented Mayweed, Redshank,
Biennial Species: Alexanders, Burdock, Cow-Parsley,
Mullein, Hedge Garlic Mustard, Opium
Poppy, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley,
Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Welsh Poppy.
Rare, unusual, and feature species: Greater
Celandine, White Bedstraw, Columbine, Purple Toadflax.
Species which will grow if the conditions are ideal: Primrose
& Welsh Poppy. both require some shade to aid germination.
Species which will be affected by 'less' management: Yellow
Rattle, Ragged Robin.
Additional Mixtures which could be added: From our
nursery; The introduced Montbretia,
or if you have acres to cover in an area that is need of some nature
try, Cicerbita macrophylla, Compositae / Asteraceae, Common
introduced annual from central Europe, very very rampant, non spiky,
tall, beautiful blue flower similar to Chicory. This plant will cover 50
yards in Tall Blue Flowers.
As seed: If
planting in and around saplings, once the saplings grow and provide
shade and leaf litter, then mixtures EC03 or EC04 can be under-planted.
Notes: This mixture is not for small gardens
unless intended as it contains Cow Parsley and Teasel. However if cut to
control height this mixture has species which will flower at 60 to 120
EC10 will suit Tidy Town Associations as it can be cut anytime, and if
cut to 20cm 6 or 8 weeks before the judges arrive it will have recovered
enough to be in full flower and still hide what ever it was intended to
As Normal, roll or rake into surface to
keep out of reach from birds.
Normal, create fine tilt on seed bed, if clay, ensure a fine tilt or press the seed into clean soil.
Optimum Sowing Time: Late spring, early
autumn, when the soil is warm.
Normal, if on new clay or sticky soil a little extra soil improvement
will assist establishment
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Fertiliser: A slow release low nitrogen
mild dressing will assist germination. If very poor
fertility such as subsoil apply proprietary brand two weeks before
sowing. Powdered or liquid seaweed will aid germination.
Seed Sowing Rates:
sowing rate 'without added grass seed':1.5 to 3 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 to 4 grams per metre.
Low sowing rate: None
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a, use Bent and
Sow with or without grasses: Either
Sowing rate with grasses: 2 to 5 grams per metre.
50% Flora / 50% grass seed, or up to 80% grass where the soil is has a
weed problem or where erosion may occur. Sow as low as 10% grasses for
sown without grasses: This mixture will not require a nurse crop.
Total number of seeds per gram:1958
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should germinate 6 weeks
after sowing, from then on provided the sward is kept open and a 'Thatch' is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge, through
to the third year.
Up to 80% of all seed should germinate in the first year.
Up to 95% of all species should germinate in 24 months.
Up to 95% of all species
should have flowered by the fourth year after sowing.
Persistence if unmanaged: Medium /
Tolerance of Cutting: Medium / High after second year.
General Cutting Time: Do not cut in first
year until flowers have finished, from then on cut May, june or at the
end of summer.
Specific Cutting Time: From second year, either in May or June,
but must be cut once per year if Autumn. A strimmer will be ideal. Rake
and remove the cuttings
mixture is Biennial rich and will especially flower profusely in the
second year, some biennials will set seed and often vanish. If from the
fourth year onwards the biennials fail to re-appear, rake the soil after
an Autumn cut to encourage the seeds.
Once the sward is established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can
be used to eliminate problem species. Control weeds, especially Creeping
Buttercup, if Creeping Buttercup is present cut this meadow in May in
year two. The third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as
scutch grass, creeping thistle, nettle and dock will try to dominate as
the growing conditions may be ideal for such unwanted species.
Most species in this mixture
are 'Browse' resistant.
General Description of Ecotype Range:
Ecotype seed mixtures are
designed to imitate natural ecologies found in specific situations.
Mixture EC10 contains species which grow on the byways of Ireland
especially in the North East, East and South, or in more fertile
sheltered situations in the West
The EC range is not intended as an exact copies of an Irish ecosystem but to represent floras that would otherwise take hundreds of years to develop
if 'nature' was left unaided.
This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with encouraging wildlife and local biodiversity as
the plants will attract species suited to the ecology.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value, contain some of the most exacting and unusual species and if
given time, develop into a diverse flora that will persist if properly maintained.