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Native Origin Irish Wildflower Seed Mixtures: Ecotype Range 

Product Code:  EC10 
Product Name: 
Wild Flora for Lanes and Avenues (occasional or light dappled shade).

This is a designed mixture for customers who wish to sow lanes, roadside verges and avenues, who wish they had the old romantic wildflora of past centuries. 
EC10 features species which can tolerate new 'raw' unimproved soils in full sun or light shade, it contains many plants that are tall and deep-rooted.
EC10 is for entrances to new rural houses, newly planted tree lined avenues, rural roadside & hedges in light shade or full sun, this mixture can be scattered and raked into recent repair work on country roads, where tractors and trucks have destroyed the margin.
This mixture is not intended for small gardens or the faint hearted.  
EC10 will improve and enrich raw soil, take the bare look of any situation, and tolerate the many changing temperatures of a typical Irish Summer. If wet, included are species that will flourish even in standing water. If bone dry, never mind, there is a bunch of species to cope.

EC10 is a colourful, wildlife attracting mix and can be cut once in spring after the primrose flowers or cut in June to control rank grasses just as the Cow Parsley finishes flowering and at the end of summer in Autumn. 

Even better EC10 will suppress grass, conserve moisture and protect the roots of newly planted trees and shrubs through the actions of 'shade creating' species such as Cow Parsley and Burdock and Wild Angelica. This mixture is a soil improver.

EC10 will serve all those sites that are not shaded enough for Woodland or Hedgerow, that are far too open for a sunny wildflower mixture and where the soil is in need of TLC.

Foxglove will thrive well the soil is bare for the seeds to germinate

Species List: EC10
Wild Flora for Lanes and Avenues (dappled shade)

Alexanders 
Bladder Campion
Bluebell
Burdock
Corn Marigold
Corn Poppy
Corncockle*
Cornflower*
Feverfew
Field Scabious
Foxglove
Hedge Garlic Mustard
Hemp Agrimony
Cow-Parsley
Lesser Knapweed
Scented Mayweed
Meadowsweet
Mullein
Opium Poppy
Ox-eye Daisy
Purple Toadflax
Ragged Robin
Red Campion
Red Clover
Ribwort Plantain
St Johnswort
Upright Hedge Parsley
Sorrel
Wild Angelica
Wild Carrot
Yarrow
Yellow Flag Iris
Yellow Rattle*
Columbine*
Dames Violet/ Sweet Rocket
Greater Celandine*
Primrose
Welsh Poppy*
White Bedstraw

*Denotes a species that is either of diminished national geno-type or specific to only a few sites, or who's habitat is increasingly threatened, or the species is uncommon, rare, becoming rare, is endangered, reintroduced or saved from extinction.
In all cases, your purchase contributes to DBN's work of creating crops of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower grower.

Product Warning: While this Ecotype mixture contains the seed of edible and herbal species, DBN recommend that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption as it contains species such as Corncockle and Foxglove which are toxic if ingested. Greater Celandine contains an alkaloid reported to cure warts but is equally reported to burn skin.

Untitled - 29.jpg (70063 bytes)

 

 

 

 

This photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing meadow.

Seed Mixture Specifications: 
Origin: Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed Mixture. EC10All types of soil, Clay, Loam, Sand, Light Soil and Heavy Soil 
Moisture Level: Dry, Normal, Moist.
pH range: Best between 5.5 >7.5
Aspect: Sunny, light shade and not deeply shaded.
Morphology:
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial / Perennial. 
Height Range: <30cm to >200cm 
Flowering Period:  March to May, June to August.
Fertility Range: Will grow in very fertile soil to poor.
Wintergreen: Yes 
The main species which should dominate and persist in this mixture:  Alexanders, Burdock, Cow-Parsley, Feverfew, Foxglove, Mullein, Hedge Garlic Mustard, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley, Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Bladder Campion, Bluebell, Field Scabious, Hemp Agrimony, Lesser Knapweed, Meadowsweet, Ox-eye Daisy, Red Campion, Red Clover, Ribwort Plantain, Sorrel, St Johnswort, Yarrow, Yellow Flag Iris, Dames Violet, 
Annual Species: Yellow Rattle, Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Corn Poppy, Corncockle, Cornflower, Scented Mayweed, Redshank,
Biennial Species: Alexanders, Burdock, Cow-Parsley, Feverfew, Foxglove, Mullein, Hedge Garlic Mustard,  Opium Poppy, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley, Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Welsh Poppy. 
Rare, unusual, and feature species: Greater Celandine, White Bedstraw, Columbine, Purple Toadflax. 
Species which will grow if the conditions are ideal: Primrose & Welsh Poppy. both require some shade to aid germination.
Species which will be affected by 'less' management: Yellow Rattle, Ragged Robin. 
Additional Mixtures which could be added: From our nursery; The introduced Montbretia, or if you have acres to cover in an area that is need of some nature try, Cicerbita macrophylla, Compositae / Asteraceae, Common Blue-sow-thistle, an introduced annual from central Europe, very very rampant, non spiky, tall, beautiful blue flower similar to Chicory. This plant will cover 50 yards in Tall Blue Flowers.  
As seed: If planting in and around saplings, once the saplings grow and provide shade and leaf litter, then mixtures EC03 or EC04 can be under-planted.

 

Design Notes:  This mixture is not for small gardens unless intended as it contains Cow Parsley and Teasel. However if cut to control height this mixture has species which will flower at 60 to 120 cm


Cow Parsley, a spring flowering shrub

EC10 will suit Tidy Town Associations as it can be cut anytime, and if cut to 20cm 6 or 8 weeks before the judges arrive it will have recovered enough to be in full flower and still hide what ever it was intended to hide.

 

Sowing Specification: As Normal, roll or rake into surface to keep out of reach from birds. 

Soil Preparation: Normal, create fine tilt on seed bed, if clay, ensure a fine tilt or press the seed into clean soil.
Optimum Sowing Time: Late spring, early autumn, when the soil is warm.

Sowing Conditions: Normal, if on new clay or sticky soil a little extra soil improvement will assist establishment
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one place. Can be Hydrasown. 
Fertiliser: A slow release low nitrogen mild dressing will assist germination.  If very poor fertility such as subsoil apply proprietary brand two weeks before sowing. Powdered or liquid seaweed will aid germination. 

 

Seed Sowing Rates:
Normal sowing rate 'without added grass seed':1.5 to 3 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 to 4 grams per metre.
Low sowing rate: None 

 

Grass seed or nurse crop requirement:

Nurse Crop: No nurse crop is required. 
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a, use Bent and Fescue species
Sow with or without grasses: Either 
Sowing rate with grasses: 2 to 5 grams per metre. 50% Flora / 50% grass seed, or up to 80% grass where the soil is has a weed problem or where erosion may occur. Sow as low as 10% grasses for clean sites. 

If sown without grasses: This mixture will not require a nurse crop.

Seed Specification:  
Total number of seeds per gram:1958
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should germinate 6 weeks after sowing, from then on provided the sward is kept open and a 'Thatch' is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge, through to the third year.
Up to 80% of all seed should germinate in the first year.
Up to 95% of all species should germinate in 24 months. 
Up to 95% of all species should have flowered by the fourth year after sowing.

 

Performance: 
Persistence if unmanaged: Medium / High 
Tolerance of Cutting: Medium / High after second year. 
General Cutting Time: Do not cut in first year until flowers have finished, from then on cut May, june or at the end of summer.
Specific Cutting Time: From second year, either in May or June, but must be cut once per year if Autumn. A strimmer will be ideal. Rake and remove the cuttings

Management: 

This mixture is Biennial rich and will especially flower profusely in the second year, some biennials will set seed and often vanish. If from the fourth year onwards the biennials fail to re-appear, rake the soil after an Autumn cut to encourage the seeds. 

Once the sward is established, digging, spot spraying or weed wiping can be used to eliminate problem species. Control weeds, especially Creeping Buttercup, if Creeping Buttercup is present cut this meadow in May in year two. The third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as scutch grass, creeping thistle, nettle and dock will try to dominate as the growing conditions may be ideal for such unwanted species.

Most species in this mixture are 'Browse' resistant.

 

A General Description of Ecotype Range: 
Ecotype seed mixtures are designed to imitate natural ecologies found in specific situations. Mixture EC10 contains species which grow on the byways of Ireland especially in the North East, East and South, or in more fertile sheltered situations in the West
The EC range is not intended as an exact copies of an Irish ecosystem but to represent floras that would otherwise take hundreds of years to develop if 'nature' was left unaided. 

This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with encouraging wildlife and local biodiversity as the plants will attract species suited to the ecology. 
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value, contain some of the most exacting and unusual species and if given time, develop into a diverse flora that will persist if properly maintained. 

 
 

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Mr. Sandro Cafolla t/a   Design By Nature (Ire) 

Monavea, Carlow, Ireland. Eircode R93 T289

  Great Irish Horticulture 

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