Native Origin Irish Wildflower Seed Mixtures: Ecotype
Product Code: EC07
Product Name: Wild Flora for Drumlins and Cuttings.
Typically a mixture for the northern half of the country or where steep
cuts have been created in situations such as behind houses set into a
will grow on dry to wet soils esp' heavy soils with springs poor
drainage near marsh conditions, or where there is a wide variety of soil
types in one area.
EC07 is a very colourful mixture, that attracts wildlife and is easy to
maintain requiring one cut. If the site is fertile a spring cut may be
required in the early years
Code EC07 Wild Flora for Drumlins and Cuttings
Devils Bit Scabious
Yellow Flag Iris
a species that is either of diminished national geno-type or specific to
only a few sites, or who's habitat is increasingly threatened, or the
species is uncommon, rare, becoming rare, is endangered, reintroduced or
saved from extinction.
In all cases, your purchase contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower
this Ecotype mixture contains the seed of edible and herbal species, DBN
recommend that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption as it
contains species such as Corncockle and Foxglove which are toxic if
photograph is one day in the life of an ever changing
Total number of seeds per gram:
Native Irish Origin, Wildflower Seed Mixture. EC07
Suitable for soil type: All types of soil, Clay, Loam, Sand,
Light Soil and Heavy Soil
Moisture Level: Dry, Normal, Moist, but not flooded.
pH range: Best between 5.5 >7.9
Aspect: Sunny, Semi Shade and not deeply shaded.
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: <30cm to >180cm
Flowering Period: May to August.
Fertility Range: Will
grow in very fertile soil to poor, if very
infertile apply fertiliser (see below).
The main species which should dominate and persist in this
mixture if the ground is kept free of grass and cultivated each year. Birdsfoot
Trefoil, Cowslip, Devil's Bit Scabious, Meadow Buttercup, Field
Scabious, Fleabane, Greater Trefoil, Lady's Bedstraw, Lesser Knapweed,
Marsh Ragwort, Meadowsweet, Purple Loosestrife, Ragged Robin, Red
Campion, Red Clover, Ribwort Plantain, Rough Hawksbit, St Johnswort,
Water Avens, Wood Avens, Yarrow, Yellow Flag Iris.
Species: Red Bartsia, Yellow Rattle,
Corn Chamomile, Corn Marigold, Corn Poppy, Corncockle, Cornflower,
Scented Mayweed, Redshank, Nipple Wort
Biennial Species: Burdock, Cow-Parsley, Foxglove,
Mullein, Hedge Garlic Mustard, Opium
Poppy, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley,
Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Welsh Poppy.
Rare, unusual, and feature species: Primrose,
Dog Violet, Welsh Poppy,
Species which will grow if the conditions are ideal: All, this mixture suits both limy and acid
soils, If the drumlin or cutting is derived from a particular pH type
soil, choose from our 'MM' Meadow Mixture range.
Species which will be affected by management: Red
Bartsia and Yellow Rattle, if left uncut will not persist.
Bluebell will need shade from shrub or overhanging trees. White Campion
will establish if there is erosion or a sunny open dry
Additional species which could be added to this mixture as individual species of seeds or plants: If
the soil is very limey add Mullein. Other
species could include Opium Poppy, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley and
I have created this mixture from talking to
customers and observing wildflowers naturally occurring or sow on
Drumlins and earth exposed cuttings. In the north-east of Ireland
drumlins occur frequently, often the flora varies greatly in a short
space, mixed between shade loving species under over hanging trees or
along a hedgerow and moisture loving only a few feet away. wetlands
occur at the bottom of the slopes. The centre of a drumlin's slope can
be saturated wet in winter and 'clay back dry' in summer. I have
seen an eroded blanket bog on one large drumlin and the next pure acid
grassland. If the designer chooses you can pick different mixtures to
perform better in each situation, however in many cases, this mixture
will suit the diversity of mixed vegetative types and soils in very
localised situations, especially where wide spaced trees and shrubs have
been introduced. I have included the Cornflower, I am aware it is out of
character for the area, but it is an annual and will not re-appear.
Most species in this mixture
are 'Browse' resistant.
As Normal, roll or rake into surface to
keep out of reach from birds.
Normal, create fine tilt on seed bed, if clay, ensure a fine tilt or press the seed into clean soil.
Optimum Sowing Time: Late spring, early
autumn, when the soil is warm.
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Fertiliser: None, unless very poor
fertility such as quarry or very poor subsoil. Powdered or liquid seaweed will aid germination.
Seed Sowing Rates:
1.5 grams per metre.
sowing rate 'without added grass seed':1.5 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 grams per metre.
Low sowing rate: 1 gram per metre.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: n/a
Sow with or without grasses: Either
Sowing rate with grasses: 2 to 4 grams per metre.
50% Flora / 50% grass seed, or up to 80% grass where the soil is has a
weed problem or where erosion may occur. Sow as low as 10% grasses for
sown without grasses: This mixture will not require a nurse crop.
In normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) this mix should germinate 6 weeks
after sowing, from then on provided the sward is kept open and a 'Thatch' is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge, through
to the third year.
Up to 70% of all seed should germinate in the first year.
Up to 70% of all species should germinate in 12 months.
Up to 60% of all species
should have flowered by the fourth year after sowing, the fall of is due
to the fact that it is unlikely that all requirements of this mixture will be met.
Late Autumn and early Summer sowings may be slow to emerge, on cold clay.
Performance: The third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as grasses
will try to dominate.
this mixture is sow with annuals, or contains annuals, they will flower profusely
in the first year, provided they are sown before June. They require one
cut when finished flowering. In the second year the biennials will also
be very colourful. Cut once in late August.
In the third year this meadow mixture will seem
to have less flora than the first and second year. Why?
The perennial species are still young, many will only have
germinated in the second season, so flowers will be sparse. However,
there should be identifiable foliage and some flowers. If not contact
In the second and third the native grasses in your soil will have grown
and will be emerging so strongly that the meadow will require two cuts,
one in Spring and the Second in July or August, the meadow can again be
cut in September if the grasses are still growing strong.
should this meadow be established and require one cut.
In the fourth year the perennials in the mixture should be flowering on
many stems and starting to clump and spread, again if the grass is still
vigorous cut in spring and in August of the fourth year. However if the
perennials are growing strong there will be no need to cut until July,
August or September depending on the fertility and wetness of the soil
and the species which have grown.
wildflower meadow should last many years, provided the species
established, weeds were controlled and the meadow was cut and the cut
material removed and occasional 'Gaps' are created. If not contact DBN.
Persistence if unmanaged: Low
Tolerance of Cutting: High after second year.
General Cutting Time: Mid to end of Summer and again in
spring. Cutting may be hazardous on steep slopes.
Specific Cutting Time: Wait 3 weeks until after the last flush
of flowers fade away, after seeds set.
Management: Control grasses and weeds until
well established. Control weeds, especially Creeping Buttercup. If
Creeping Buttercup is present cut this meadow in May in year two. The
third year is the critical year to maintain this meadow as scutch grass,
creeping thistle, nettle and dock will try to dominate as the growing
conditions are ideal for such unwanted species.
General Description of Ecotype Range:
Ecotype seed mixtures are
designed to imitate natural ecologies found in specific situations.
The EC range is not intended as an exact copies of an Irish ecosystem but to represent floras that would otherwise take hundreds of years to develop
if 'nature' was left unaided.
This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with encouraging wildlife and local biodiversity as
the plants will attract species suited to the ecology.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value, contain some of the most exacting and unusual species and if
given time, develop into a diverse flora that will persist if properly maintained.