Native Origin Irish Wildflower Seed Mixtures: Ecotype
Product Code: EC03
Product Name: Woodland Wild Flower Mixture
Woodland wildflowers are not the easiest to establish, but are one of the most rewarding of all seed mixtures for the difficult conditions of low light levels in woodlands.
Woodland mixture flower mostly in spring/ early summer and only a few
flowers appear from June/July onwards.
This mixture will thrive in dappled light under broadleaved trees and is
more difficult to establish under conifer trees
Bluebells seeds in this mixture are native Irish and slow to develop bulbs and then to flower.
Primsrose and Violets also take some years to grow and spread.
Code EC03 Woodland Wild Flower Mixture
Devils Bit Scabious
Hedge Garlic Mustard
Upright Hedge Parsley
species which may be added:
Wood Sanicle*, Welsh Poppy*
Bluebell (Germinates year 2 or 3, flowers by year 4 to 6, the Bluebell in our
mixtures is native and not the invasive Spanish bluebell.
Primrose, Sweet Violet and
Dog Violet germinate in year 2 or 3, flowers by year 4.
a species that is either of diminished national geno-type or specific to
only a few sites, or who's habitat is increasingly threatened, or the
species is uncommon, rare, becoming rare, is endangered, reintroduced or
saved from extinction.
In all cases, your purchase contributes to DBN's work of creating crops
of Conservation Grade - Native Origin Wildflora. You help us to inform
and pay land-owners to manage native species and to assist DBN in
handing on our heritage for another generation.
By growing (some will be difficult) these and all other species, you
directly help to conserve national and global Biodiversity and protect
wildlife. You should also consider yourself another Irish wildflower
this Ecotype mixture contains the seed of edible and herbal species, DBN
recommend that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption as it
contains species such as Bluebell, Hemp Agrimony, and Foxglove which are toxic if
ingested. Pokeweed may attract wasps.
Total number of seeds per gram: 2308
Native Irish Origin Wildflower Seed Mixture EC03
Suitable for soil type: All types of soil, Clay, Loam, Sand, Light Soil, Heavy
Soil, and Peat,
Moisture Level: Dry, Normal, Moist, but not Flooded Wet
pH range: Best between 5.5 - 6.5, <7.5
Aspect: Semi Shade and Shaded. The performance will be limited
under very heavy tree canopies of beech and conifers.
Life Cycle: Biennial & Perennial.
Height Range: <30cm to >100cm
Flowering Period: March and April to June.
Fertility Range: Will grow in very fertile soil to poor, if very infertile apply fertiliser (see below).
Wintergreen: In sheltered woodland.
The main species which should dominate and persist in this mixture is the ground if kept free of grass and not cultivated. Bluebell,
Cowslip, Devils Bit Scabious, Hemp Agrimony, Hoary Plantain, Cow-Parsley, Ramsons, Red Campion, Wood
Biennial Species: Alexanders, Burdock, Foxglove, Mullein, Hedge Garlic Mustard, Upright Hedge Parsley,
Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Welsh Poppy.
Rare, unusual, and feature species: Primrose, Wood Sanicle, Welsh Poppy, Wood Sage,
Species which will grow if the conditions are ideal: Sweet Violet, Dog Violet.
Species which will be affected by management: Primrose, keep
weed free until established, Primula species will germinate in the
second or third year after sowing.
Additional species which could be added to this mixture as individual species of seeds or plants: Any
woodland species in particular Yellow Pimpernel, Bugle and Wood Rush are
occasionally available from our nursery.
Notes: Do not sow with grasses, This mixture will not
require a nurse crop.
Woodland wildflowers will not flower in the first year. Some species are very slow to appear. You will have to wait for 3 years for the bluebells to flower but they do germinate
easily, when they germinate they look like Chives. EC03 is subject to limited availability.
Please order well in advance. If sowing into sunny open woodland
conditions seek advice.
EC03 is a difficult mixture to grow. The area must be prepared and managed to the highest standards.
Try to eliminate all nettles, Ivy and bramble by cutting or strimming
the area, or spraying.
Many species in this mixture
are not 'Browse' resistant when germinating.
As Normal, roll or rake into surface to
keep out of reach from birds.
Normal, create fine tilt on seed bed,
Optimum Sowing Time: Autumn after leaf
fall or spring.
Sowing Conditions: Normal
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Fertiliser: None. Unless in conifer wood
or where leaf litter has been removed in old woodland. Powdered or liquid seaweed will aid
Seed Sowing Rates:
1.5 grams per metre.
sowing rate 'without added grass seed': 1.5 grams per metre.
High sowing rate 'without added grass seed': Add 3 grams per metre.
Low sowing rate: 1 gram per metre for
clean soil over large areas..
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: None.
Sow with or without grasses: Unnecessary,
If sown without grasses: This mixture will
not require a nurse crop.
Nurse crop: None,
Once sown this mixture in normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) should germinate 6 weeks
after sowing, from then on provided the woodland floor is kept open and a 'Thatch' is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge, through
to the third year.
Up to 40% of all seed should germinate in the first year.
Up to 60% of all species should germinate in 24 months.
Up to 80% of all species
should have flowered by the fourth year after sowing.
Late Autumn and early Summer sowings may be slow to emerge, depending on the weather.
Performance: The first year is the critical year to maintain this meadow, as only a
few species will be germinating, and some of those that do, will be slow
growing, so please keep it weed free by spot spraying/ killing known
weeds such as nettles.
Persistence if unmanaged: High
Tolerance of Cutting: Low
General Cutting Time: None required.
Specific Cutting Time: Wait 3 weeks until after the last flush
of flowers fades away, after seeds set in July.
Management: Control weeds, ensure the leaf
litter remains on the forest/woodland floor. Shelter can be cheaply
provided by planting cutting of Elderberry and Wild Raspberry or
thornless soft fruit..
General Description of Ecotype Range:
Ecotype seed mixtures are
designed to imitate natural ecologies found in specific situations. this
woodland range would be found in semi-natural woods on all soils and in
many different situations, if 5 to 10 species persist you have done
The EC range is not intended as an exact copies of an Irish ecosystem but to represent floras that would otherwise take hundreds of years to develop
if 'nature' was left unaided. This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with encouraging wildlife and local biodiversity as
the plants will attract species suited to the ecology.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value, contain some of the most exacting and unusual species and if
given time, develop into a diverse flora that will persist if properly maintained.