Native Origin Irish Wildflower Seed Mixtures: Ecotype
Product Code: EC02 Orchard
Product Name: Wild Flora, legumes and
forbs for Young Trees and Orchards
A tall vigorous, wildlife
attracting mixture that will help the growth of young trees and fix nitrogen
in the root zone.
Can be cut regularly and kept short.
Scented and Scentless Mayweed
Upright Hedge Parsley
Yellow Flag Iris
Wild Red Clover
other suitable species are added as available,
according to your site
E.U. Approved Legumes:
Sainfoil, trefoil and medick
this Ecotype mixture contains the seed of edible and herbal species, DBN
recommend that this mixture is not for human or animal consumption as it
contains species such as Corncockle and Foxglove which are
toxic if ingested.
This mixture should be cut in
June and again in August using a strimmer or as in the photo a finger-bar
mower, don't worry about cutting the flowers they will grow again. Rake
the cutting to the base of the trees as mulch.
Total number of seeds per gram: 1540
Wildflower Seed Mixture with Native Irish Origin species and EU registered
Forbes and Agricultural Legumes, EC02
Suitable for soil type: All types of soil, Clay, Loam, Sand, Light Soil, Heavy
Soil, and Peat,
Moisture Level: Dry, Normal, Moist, but not Flooded Wet
pH range: Best between 5.5 - 7.8
Aspect: Sunny, Semi Shade and Shaded.
Life Cycle: Annual / Biennial /
Height Range: <30cm to >180cm occasionally taller.
Flowering Period: Late May to August.
Fertility Range: Will
grow in very fertile soil to poor, if very
infertile apply fertiliser (see below).
The main species which should dominate and persist in this
mixture if the ground is kept free of grass and cultivated each year.
Burdock, Cowslip, Field Scabious, Fleabane, Foxglove, Lesser Knapweed,
Meadowsweet, Red Campion, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley, Wild Angelica,
Wild Carrot, Yarrow, Yellow Flag Iris, Black Meddick, Birdsfoot Trefoil , Sainfoil, Red Clover, Yarrow, Dames Violet, Salad Burnet
Species which will grow and remain in the woods
when they develop if the conditions are ideal: Bluebell, Foxglove, Red Campion, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley, Wild
Corn Marigold, Corn Poppy, Corncockle, Cornflower,
Biennial Species: Burdock, Foxglove,
Mullein, Teasel, Upright Hedge Parsley,
Wild Angelica, Wild Carrot, Wild Parsnip
Species which will be affected by management: Cowslip, the
more its cut the better, Teasel, if you think its too tall dead head or
Notes: This is a specially designed mixture
for use with young saplings, the aim of this mixture is to eliminate
grasses whose roots secrete toxins detrimental to young trees. The more
this mixture is cut the better, as it will release nitrogen as plant
food to feed the young trees until the shade /canopy closes over.
As Normal, roll or rake into surface to
keep out of reach from birds. Sow up to the base of the trees and in the
intervening space between the trees.
Normal, create weed free fine tilt on seed bed.
Optimum Sowing Time: Normal
Sowing Method: By hand is recommended, if
using seed spreaders be careful to insure the small varieties of seed do
not drop to the bottom of the seed spreader and get sown all in the one
place. Can be Hydrasown.
Fertiliser: None, powdered or liquid seaweed will aid germination.
Seed Sowing Rates:
1.5 grams per metre.
Low sowing rate: 1 gram per metre.
seed or nurse crop requirement:
Crop: No nurse crop is required.
Grass Seed Requirement: None.
sown without grasses: This mixture will not require a nurse crop.
Once sown this mixture in normal conditions (mainly in early Autumn and Spring) should germinate
4 - 6 weeks
after sowing, from then on provided the sward is kept open and a 'Thatch' is not allowed develop, species will continue to germinate and emerge, through
to the third year, even if the trees start to shade out some of the
Up to 70% of all seed should germinate in the first year.
Up to 80% of all species should germinate in 12 months.
Up to 100% of all species
should have flowered by the fourth year after sowing.
Late Autumn and early Summer sowings may be slow to emerge, depending on the weather.
Maintain this meadow as scutch
grass, nettle and dock will try to dominate as the growing conditions
Persistence if unmanaged: High
Tolerance of Cutting: High
General Cutting Time: Spring, mid to high summer after Foxgloves
flower and set seed and again at the end of Summer
Specific Cutting Time: In third year when red clover flowers.
Management: Control coarse grass weeds by
As there are biennial species in this
mixture these species will flower and set seed in the second year after
sowing and may not flower again until the fourth year, it will be essential
to rake of harrow the mixture after the spring cut in the third year, if
you require a constant flush of biennials, if you don't cut just wait
until the trees create shade and the biennials will reappear.
Species in this mixture are
General Description of Ecotype Range:
Ecotype seed mixtures are
designed to imitate natural ecologies found in specific situations. This
mixture acts as the type of flora that would emerge in a coppice flora,
It is not true to type.
The EC range is not intended as an exact copies of an Irish ecosystem but to represent floras that would otherwise take hundreds of years to develop
if 'nature' was left unaided. This range of seed mixture is ideal for those concerned with encouraging wildlife and local biodiversity as
the plants will attract species suited to the ecology.
If these mixtures are suitable for your situation, they offer good value, contain some of the most exacting and unusual species and if
given time, develop into a diverse flora that will persist if properly maintained.