In 1998, the Committee for the Activities of the Council
of Europe in the Field of Biological and Landscape Diversity CO-DBP established
a group to examine the relationship between transport and the environment. This
Group of Specialists - Transport and Environment met in Strasbourg on 29-30
October 1998, 21-22 October 1999 and 13-14 November 2000.
The Group was chaired by Mr L WYATT (United Kingdom) and
composed of Mr C RANKL (Austria), Mrs C ALIBERT (France), Mr T VERSTAEL (The
Netherlands), Mr S RYBAKOV (Russian Federation), Mr S GUBAR (Ukraine). The Group
concentrated its work on developing a Code of Practice for the introduction of
biological diversity and landscape considerations into the transport sector.
This was in accordance with the objectives of Action Theme 2 in the first Action
Plan 1996-2000 of the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy.
The Code of Practice provides a practical instrument that
will help national governments and others involved in the linear transport
sector to consider and implement measures relating to the maintenance and
enhancement of biological and landscape diversity. The Code sets a political and
social framework and proposes policy options for the development of new, and the
maintenance of existing linear transport systems in relation to biological and
landscape diversity. By building on examples, the Code has developed a series of
A number of specialist studies were completed in relation
to the Code of Practice. These included the introduction of biological and
landscape diversity considerations in the development of road, rail transport
and navigable waterways and the legal aspects. In addition, a pilot project was
carried out in the Losiny Ostrov National Park, Moscow. For a greater level of
detail about the subjects involved, technical readers should refer to these and
other reports arising from a number of international and national initiatives.
The Council of Europe Secretariat General appointed the
following consultants to prepare the specialist studies and the Code itself:
Mr G BERTHOUD (Switzerland)
Mr G de SADELEER (Belgium)
Mr S RYBAKOV (Russian Federation)