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Handing on
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25 years+

Landscape Design with Wildflowers 



From little acorns grow.... PAIRC cois FEALE. 

Design at Abbeyfeale




Upper Field 1 & 2 = Play Spaces and car park.

Lower Field 1 & 2 = Start of riverside walk, park and fishing.

Field 3 = Century 'Feald' Children's school planting area and Riverside walk

Timetable and Tasks.

Year: Spring 1998 .

Spray all areas to be planted by February. Finish current construction of all pathways, walls, drains, playground foundations and entrances. 
Install all lighting ducting and ducting/services pipes. 
Construct a safe holding area for trees and shrubs to be stored. This area will require a weed free area of soil and temporary wind break. 
Employ digger machinery to remove the North / South ditch dividers from both fields 1 & 2 in their upper sections and make one new field keeping the ditch in the lower section. 

Field 1 & 2.

Install the maintenance yard and road, construct marsh area and finish all site soil moving from the riverside upwards to the top of the site so that all tracks left by machinery can be repaired.

Decide on final plan for fishing platforms, if feasible create them before the planting and pathway finishing starts.
Use machinery to lay out the Play maze and clear and level lower play areas in field 1 & 2 and 'Mound' all areas for trees to be planted on. For Mounding (see on).

Plant the marsh area as water levels drop.
Lay out areas to be landscaped and planted. Plant shelter belts and screens. Complete main tree planting by March. 
Rotavate for shrub beds and at car park. Plant shrubs in April and finish lawns in April / May. 
Erect fencing around tree and shrub plantings in field 1 & 2. To establish grass and wild flower areas it will be necessary to clear all existing vegetation in these areas. Spray for a second time during mid March and then burn off or clear the dead grass.
Rotavate all areas to be planted with grasses and wildflowers to create a fine firm seed bed.
Apply fertiliser to all areas as required.
Summer 1998

Ensure all trees and shrubs are planted or 'healed in' for summer, water shrubs in drought, Cut lawns to 2" and spread grass cuttings around trees. 
Tidy and finish all landscape works, aim to level all soil and clean soil from all pathways. 

Order Mulch materials such as bark mulch, spent hops, bales of straw and old hay to cover soil and to improve growth.

Early summer should see the construction of the upper playgrounds and play spaces. 
Finish all steps down the riverbank and surface all picnic areas by May. 
Seating can be installed at your leisure.

Weeding will be required during the first summer, weed killers can be used but hand weeding is preferred in the first years after planting as the young trees and shrubs are most susceptible to spray drift. Ensure all pathways are sprayed for weeds as any soil left after construction will cause weeds to take hold in the pathways.

Start buildings program in high summer, section off all construction areas from public.
Aim to install lower field play grounds and seating and picnic tables etc. 

Start Design of signs and sign posts. Install lighting.

Autumn 1998

Finish all planting of trees and main shrubs, Insure that any contract grown plants will be ready for following spring. Replace any losses and stake up any poorly planted trees.

Feed all new lawns and cut wildflower areas to 4", remove all wild grass cuttings and use as mulch around trees and shrubs. Top cut lawns to 2" and no lower.

Brushcut overgrowing vegetation on riverside walk pathways. 

Finish planting the marshes before water levels rise. Install gabions as fishing platforms.

Continue with building program, keeping the site tidy. 

Aim to install the maintenance yard buildings early before winter sets in, include 8' fencing and hard ware yard surfaces (fill).

Start schools tree planting program to establish beds for tree seedlings to be planted in Century Feald, collect Oak, Ash and chestnut seeds, as they will all germinate when fresh.

Year: Spring 1999

Complete all planting of landscape shrubs and most ornamental trees.
Feed the lawns and do not feed the wildflower meadow areas Allow grass to grow to 3". 

Spray all tree and shrub planted areas for weeds, when the leaves will be off all broadleaf trees no damage will occur.
Complete works on river bank Plant gabions with a grass sod over soil on hessian

Summer 1999
Maintain all lawns, finish all pathway edging and start spraying to kill weeds, especially on path ways.

Autumn 1999
Organise schools tree seed planting.

Winter 1999
Finish all planting and replant any dead trees or shrubs, formative pruning of shrub can commence.
Keep mulches fresh and well topped up.

Year: 2000 - Start of the Millennium Field planting with trees raised in the local schools.
Make complete assessment of all tree and shrub plantings.

Year: 2002 - Reassessment of Leisure Complex Site.

Year: 2003 - Completion of first stage of tree and shrub establishment..

Year: 2006 - Overall assessment. Site visit carried out August 19, The park is progressing better than expected.

Year: 2010 - Overall Landscape Management completed and established.

Year: 2015 - Thinning of woodland, playground renewal.


The design for field 1 & 2 is to remove the North / South ditch dividers from both 
fields in their upper sections and make one new field keeping the ditch in the lower section.
The affect will be to create a single upper field from the car park area to the main / upper playground.

To the very centre of the park between the new space and the lower field, a playground called the playmaze is to be created out of soil and shrubs.
To begin with surface the maze with bark mulch and eventually in a few years time surface it using 'wood chip' from the parks shrub prunings .

Experience shows that children when running on the mulch will quickly break down chip created from prunings as they run over it. However the chip must be of good quality, avoiding spiny species and should be composted first for up to 16 months prior to use on the Playmaze.

A wood chip shredder should be purchased for the task of making wood chip.

Visitor Attractions and Amenity areas, Recreational and Leisure Activities 

Develop and enhance the quality of park environment.
Provide range of environmentally friendly, recreational opportunities and play spaces, including a riverside nature walk.
Maximise community involvement. Attract wildlife to the Park.
Maintain public picnic areas, riverside walks, seating, views, sheltered open spaces and tree, shrub and landscape features. Minimise conflict of uses and environmental impact.
Complete to stage 2 of the Park design and hand on an established 3, 5, and 15 year maintenance plan by the year 2003, 

As mentioned the flow of activity planned for the Park is primarily with children in mind.
To 'burn off' as much energy as possible in the safer confines of the upper field away from the river. When children approach the river we hope to have tired them out and slow them down.
To have a central running, area especially for excitable children. 'The Playmaze' which will be in full view from the seating at the upper playground.
Older teenage children. As an educational resource. A place to talk, listen and play.




Establish a multi-track riverside walk from both entrances and car parks.
Establish fully planted woodland marsh, wildlife and educational park and fully planted riverside walk and picnic area.
Have confirmed in writing all rights, rights of way, fishing rights etc. for the Park.
Approve and appoint contractor to supply and build Main playground; to install both Junior and senior play equipment and rubber matting at playground near car park. 
Use high quality play equipment for ages;
youngest< 7
> 7 years old,
> 12 years old
Install all seating and safety fences / barriers.
Install safety surfaces and play equipment.
Disabled Persons considerations (seek advice).
Toilets and access to toilet facilities via car park to and from playground.
The Play Ground Site already chosen, drained and hard-core laid down.
Complete to stage 2 of the Park design and hand on an established 3, 5, and 15 year maintenance plan by the year 2003. 

Do not install play equipment until all major construction and planting has been 
completed. Remove play equipment or close and cover parts during Winter, up to the year 2000 to enable complete establishment of the park.


Our environment is crucial to the development of facilitation of tourists. Abbeyfeale has the potential to interconnect to it's Tourist Bio Region by providing missing activities in the area:
Safe playground and play space.
Car Parking, Picnic Areas and a Quality Environment for Walking.
Develop and enhance the quality of park environment. Provide a range of environmentally friendly, recreational opportunities and play spaces.
Riverside nature walk.
Maximise community involvement.
Attract wildlife to the Park.
Maintain public picnic areas, riverside walks, seating, views, sheltered open spaces and tree, shrub and landscape features.
Minimise conflict of uses and environmental impact.

Recreational Safety and Health for Visitor Attractions and Amenity areas.

Appoint Management Team or manager for this task.

Appoint Maintenance Team and / or park supervision for:

Sanitation services and water quality.
Public safety issues should be dealt with as a matter of course with local authorities.
Litter removal and clean up of animal / pet droppings from any bark mulches. this activity should happen on a regular basis.
Lighting, safety equipment, insurance.

Publicity events and generation of Logo, Calendar, Fund-raising and promotions should be ongoing. Monitoring of site developments and requirements will be required to manage the park throughout the years.. 

Proposed Recreational Facilities.
Appoint contractor to supply and build Main playground, to install both Junior and Senior play equipment and rubber matting at playground near car park. 
Use high quality play equipment for ages < 7 > 7 years old & > 12 years old
Install all seating and safety fences / barriers. Install safety surfaces and play equipment.
Disabled Persons considerations (seek advice). The main playground is in close proximity to toilets and main access via car park. the car park is designed to have safe access to and from playground.
The playground Site is already chosen, drained and hard-core is laid down.

Design & Install
All other senior play spaces and playmaze.
All other senior play activities and equipment 
Find local high quality saw mills and high quality carpenter to construct rustic play equipment use designs supplied.
Seating - throughout the Park Seating to be sited at playgrounds, pavilion and 
picnic areas. Install play equipment as per design supplied. 
Junior playground equipment. 
Choose supplier of safe play equipment (minimum rubber safety mats or lots of bark mulch to depth of 6 inches) Choose play safe surfaces, to make for interest the matting can +be installed in patterns. 
Appoint contractors, suppliers, and brief as to what needs to be achieved.
Drain and hard-core under all play sites as recommended.

Choose fence design to make fence to 3' and purchase slatted timber fence, as per drawing.
Plant around the play grounds with herbs, plant any shrubs and trees in advance, 
Choose fence, use chain link fence to 3' and purchase slatted timber fence, as per drawing.

Choose play safe surfaces, ( rubber safety matting or bark, (according to ISO and safety standards.
Choose supplier of safe play equipment, 

Senior playground.
While there is a senior playground attached to the main playground another play ground for the older children has been included in the design.


Fitting suitable space and activities for older teenagers in the park has been difficult to date. Suggestions to date to organise a social event for the older teenagers such as
small open air concerts. Or to allow market stalls run by the teenagers themselves. To provide a place to talk, listen and play.

Sign Posting for the Park, car parks and access points.

Install one large main full display board sign at car park main entrance, describing the interests in the Park, detail facilities available, show access points for various users, 
i.e. pedestrians, prams, invalids/ disabled drivers, ambulance, ownership and status of the Park and an anti-litter slogan. Displays should feature local history and Park development and geology. Show Park rules and regulations, display site map, directional details, safety notes, lock up times, contact name, emergency services (doctor, ambulance, garda and rescue services). Show ownership details and anti-litter slogans.

Signs purchased as new 6,000. 
Created by town sign maker and carpenter 3,000.

Install two signs at 
rear of play ground towards play maze.
field 3 and start of riverside walk.
Estimated costs. 1,500

Install 2 # Sub site signs in field 3 and on riverside walk, provide water safety statements.
Estimated costs. 1,000

e.g.; text on main signs : "This Park is owned by the People of Abbeyfeale and managed on your behalf. Please bring your litter home."
Display Park Logo in all cases to provide continuity.
Sell advertising on signs to pay for themselves.

Immediate Priorities

Septic Tanks
Check for any septic tanks in or around the entire Park - report to DBN.

Services to Connect on site.
Install electricity supply, seek advice from E.S.B engineers / local placement of piping and conduit.
Connect and install all mains and outdoor lighting / toilets to yard.
Water - Seek advice from Co. Council and Local Authority.
Sewage - Connection for public toilets.
NB Storage of fertiliser/ machinery / chemicals (no chemicals need be used on Park except N.P.K for grassland).

Wells / Water

Check for all drains, wells and water sources on site - report to DBN.
Ask architect to include water butts at the base of all building's down pipes, these can overflow to drains beneath them.

Water quality - drinking, washroom and river.

The quality of water is crucial to a successful park. Establish water quality tests for:
Drinking quality.
Ph for horticulture

Sanitation and general tidy up.

Toilet and washroom facilities. Access and lighting to and from.
Lock up times, keys held by whom and a person on call 24 hours in case of emergence
Vermin and rodent pest control.
Litter removal and clean up of bark mulch on regular basis.


As the Park is Privately owned, the public will enter the park on the invitation of 
Abbeyfeale Community Development. Refer to solicitor.

Make places to install height barriers to stop over night camping vans.

Undesirable Activities:

Dumping, litter, drinking, unrestricted dogs, perverts and menaces. 
Glass, fires and teenage drinking.
Alcohol on the premises should be outlawed after 6 PM.

Unresolved issues to be tackled by the group.
Access from the town to the Park. Child roadside safety issue
Insurance/Public Liability.
Liaison with Co. Councils.

The Plantscape Plan
See maps and plans provided with design. Including the data base with full planting plan.

The ornamental planting element of the Park has been placed mainly at the entrance, playground and upperfield 1 + 2. (North West aspect.) ie. Parkland 

Impression of the wildflower areas and fifteen year old trees.

The Parkland area will require robust plantings of well maintained shrubbery around parameter of field 1&2.
There will be native or hardy shelter belt species with an inside layer of more ornamental but fully hardy trees and shrubs suitable for the soil type.
To the inner sides just off the lawn and pathways, the planting is constructed of the 
Rosaceae family - (only fire / blight resistant species are to be used).
These plants will have a highly ornamental value such as Malus, Prunus, Craetagus & Flowering Cherry.

1) Full length multi-track riverside walk from both entrances and car parks.
2) Fully planted woodland, marsh, wildlife and educational park.
3) Fully planted riverside walk and picnic area.
The entire site is large enough for 1/2 acre of annual tree production over a 30 year rotation.
Products - Fencing posts
- Wood chip materials for resurfacing pathways.
- Slope and soil erosion control.
- Shelterbelt, screening and noise abatement.

All investments and planting involving broadleaved and mixed woodland can be seen as a positive impact on the environment for: 
Tourism, amenity, heritage conservation and leisure.
Local flora and fauna, nature conservation.
Water control and management, soil and ground / surface. 
Health and fitness, attitude and local pride.
Main Shrubs and Feature Trees

Full use of Roseceae family. Rosa, Malus, Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Prunus, Rubus, Pyrancantha, Berberis, Weeping Willow, Viburnums and Potentilla will be featured alongside Norway Maple, Oak (Quercus) and many choice Conifers.

Alder, Ash, Oak, & Willow are first choice species as they grow locally.

Secondary Broadleaf Species
Rowan, Birch, Hazel, Blackthorn, Elder. Thorn and Holly.

60% Scots Pine, 20% Larch, 20% other.

The landscape plan offers three unique zones of plants, within each zone there is a further range of species which combine to make an alternating landscape.
The main theme to the design is a riverside planting of species that remind the visitor of water.
As one walks through the park, you will encounter a wide selection of species planted to form an all year around interesting landscape.

To add interest throughout the park, a number of Specimen trees and shrubs have been placed amongst the more common hardy species. Long-term management must insure that a high rate of these species survive to take there place in the landscape. TREE SPECIES (botanical names) USED AT ABBEYFEALE 
FIELD NO 1 & 2 
Abies nobilis
Acer campestre
Acer platanoides
Acer rubrum
Alnus cordatta
Alnus glutiosa
Alnus rubra
Araucaria araucana
Betula pendula
Betula pubescens
Buxus sempervirens
Castanea sativa
Cedrus atlantica glauca
Chamaecyparis lansoniana alumii
Cornus alba
Cornus alba sibirica
Corylus avellana
Corylus avellana contorta
Corylus avellana purpurea
Corylus purpurea maxima
Cotoneaster cornubia
Cotoneaster frigidus
Crataegus monogyna
Cryptomeria japonica elegans
Cytisus scoparius
Euonymus europaeus
Fagus sylvatica
Fagus sylvatica riversii
Fraxinus excelsior
Ilex aquifolium
Larix decidua
Larix kaempferi
Ligustrum vulgare
Lonicera nitida
Lonicera periclymenom
Malus profusion
Malus sylvestris
Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Myrtus communis
Nothofagus domberi
Picea omorika
Picea pungens
Pinus contorta
Pinus nigra
Pinus riadata 'Aurea' Pinus sylvestris
Pinus sylvestris 'Aurea'
Populus albs
Populus nigra
Populus tremula
Prunus spinosa
Prunus aviem 'plena'
Prunus avium
Prunus cerasifera pissardii
Prunus padus
Pseudotsuga taxifolia
Pterocarya fraxinifolia
Quercus ilex
Quercus petraea
Quercus robur
Quercus rubra
Salix alba
Salix alba britzensis chermesina
Salix alba chrysocoma
Salix alba 'vitellina'
Salix babylonica
Salix caprea
Salix cinerea
Salix daphnoides
Salix linerea
Salix matsudana tortuosa
Salix pentandra
Salix viminalis
Sambucus nigra
Sequoia wellingtonia giganntium
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Sorbus alcuparia
Sorbus aria
Sorbus aucuparia
Steophylla ligustrum vulgaris
Taxodium distichum
Thuja plicata
Tilia cordata
Tsuga heterophylla
Ulex europaeus
Ulex europaeus plenus
Viburnum opulus TREE SPECIES BY (common names) AT ABBEYFEALE 
FIELD NO 1 & 2
Noble Fir
Field Maple
Norway Maple
Red Maple
Italian Alder
Common Alder
Red Alder
Monkey Puzzle
Silver Birch
Downy Birch
Sweet Chestnut
Blue Atlas Pine
Chamaecyparis lansoniana alumii
Cornus alba sibirica
Corylus avellana contorta
Purple Hazel
Cotoneaster cornubia
Cotoneaster frigidus
Cryptomeria japonica elegans
Beech riversii
European Larch
Japanese Larch
Lonicera nitida
Purple Flowering Crab
Crab Apple
Dawn Redwood
Southern Beech
Serbian Spruce
Blue Spruce
Contorted Pine
Austrian Pine 
Pinus riadata 'Aurea'
Scots Pine
Scots Pine 'Aurea'
Silver Poplar
Black Poplar
Prunus aviem 'plena'
Gean Cherry
Red Cherry
Bird Cherry
Douglas Fir
Caucasian Wingnut
Holm Oak
Sessile Oak
Pedunculate Oak
Red Oak
White Willow
Scarlet Willow
Weeping Willow
White Willow
Weeping Willow
Pussy or Goat Willow
Goat Willow
Grey Willow
Salix daphnoides
Contorted Willow
Bay Willow
Osier Willow
Sequoia wellingtonia giganntium
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Steophylla ligustrum vulgaris
Swamp Cypress
Western Red Cedar
Small Leafed Lime
Western Hemlock
Guelder Rose

Pairc cois Feale page 1 Starting point of design

Page 2.

Page 3

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Index - Landscape design with wildflowers.




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